The Complex History of the Rite of Memphis-Misraim
This blog-post will explore the spiritual and historical continuation of the Rite of Misraim, the Rite of Memphis and the Rite of Memphis-Misraim through the individuals that received and transmitted the Rites from their conception until the modern situation. There are many ways in which the Rite branched out which led to cross-pollination and fertilization that brought new, unique and interesting developments. We will try to give a general overview of the history and developments of the Egyptian Rites.
Within the context of the western esoteric tradition spiritual filiation is an important concept that describes the spiritual transmission from an initiate to a candidate. The transmission has both a spiritual and administrative dimension and is thought of as containing the invisible life-blood or spiritual current of the Tradition. Esoteric instruction is often transmitted orally and not written down. For these reasons the transmissions between individuals are considered significant in telling the history of an esoteric organization such as the Memphis-Misraim.
The Rite of Misraim was established in Venice in 1788 by a group of Socinians to whom Cagliostro had given a patent for their constitution. It is asserted that the Rite was founded by Charles Lechangeur, Francois Joly and the Michel Bedarride. Misraim is the Hebrew word for Egypt and it is a reminder of the Egyptian Rite which gave their obediential personality.
The Rite spread quickly to Milan, Genoa and Naples. Michel Bedarride had received the Grand Mastery (ultimate powers) in 1810, in Naples, from Br∴ DeLasalle and it was then that the Bedarride brothers also introduce the Rite of Misraim to France.